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Created on : 19 Mar 2004
Modified on : 01 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Interventions to promote breast-feeding: applying the evidence in clinical practice Commentary. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2004;170(6):976-978.

Author(s) :

Palda VA, Guise J-M, Wathen CN.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

In this document, the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC) updates its earlier breast-feeding recommendations[1] by presenting evidence on interventions that improve the initiation or duration of breast-feeding (or both). Breast-feeding has been shown in both developing and developed countries to improve the health of infants and their mothers, making it the optimal method of infant nutrition.[2,3] Although the prevalence of breast-feeding in Canada has risen, with over three-quarters of mothers now initiating breast-feeding, the duration of this practice remains short of the recommended World Health Organization (WHO) targets of exclusive breast-feeding for 6 months and partial breast-feeding for up to 2 years.[4,5] Recent Canadian data indicate that 22% of recent mothers aged 15–49 years breast-feed for less than 3 months, and 35% do so for at least 3 months.[6] This premature discontinuation is more a result of difficulty with breast-feeding, including lack of information and support, than of women’s choice.[7] In fact, the number of Canadian hospitals that would qualify as "baby-friendly" according to WHO–UNICEF criteria[8] was 5 of 523 hospitals responding to a 1993 survey,[9] and according to UNICEF only a single hospital had that designation in 2002.[10]


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Keywords :

➡ breastfeeding

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 19 Mar 2004

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