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Created on : 23 Feb 2004
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Perinatal outcome in grand and great-grand multiparity: effects of parity on obstetric risk factors. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Sep;181(3):669-74.

Author(s) :

Babinszki A, Kerenyi T, Torok O, Grazi V, Lapinski RH, Berkowitz RL.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare obstetric and neonatal complications among great-grand multiparous, grand multiparous, and multiparous women.

STUDY DESIGN: One hundred thirty-three great-grand multiparas, 314 grand multiparas, and 2195 multiparas who were delivered of their infants between 1988 and 1998 were selected for the study. To facilitate comparison, the patients were all >35 years old and had similar socioeconomic characteristics.

RESULTS: The incidence of malpresentation at the time of delivery, maternal obesity, anemia, preterm delivery, and meconium-stained amniotic fluid increased with higher parity, whereas the rate of excessive weight gain and cesarean delivery decreased. Compared with grand multiparas, great-grand multiparas had significantly elevated risks for abnormal amounts of amniotic fluid, abruptio placentae, neonatal tachypnea, and malformations but lower rates of placenta previa (P <.05). The incidence of postpartum hemorrhage, preeclampsia, placenta previa, macrosomia, postdate pregnancy, and low Apgar scores was significantly higher in grand multiparas than in multiparas, whereas the proportion of induction, forceps delivery, and total labor complications was significantly lower than in the multiparous group (P <.05). Similar frequency of maternal diabetes, infection, uterine wall scar rupture, variations in fetal heart rate, fetal death, and neonatal mortality was found in the 3 groups.

CONCLUSION: Both high-parity groups have their own risk factors, but the rate of some complications decreases with higher parity. In addition, perinatal mortality remains low in these patients, and therefore, under satisfactory socioeconomic and health care conditions, high parity should not be considered dangerous.

Sumário (português)  :

Resumen (español)  :

Comments :

Argument (français) :

La multiparité est un des facteurs de risque de complications. Toutefois, elle diminue d’autres risques. Par conséquent elle ne devrait pas être considérée comme un danger pour des femmes en bonne santé et bénéficiant d’un niveau socio-économique satisfaisant.

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Argumento (español):

Keywords :

➡ placenta previa/accreta ; physiology ; post-term pregnancy ; gestational diabetes ; postpartum hemorrhage ; eclampsia (pre-) ; induction of labor

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 23 Feb 2004

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