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Created on : 28 Mar 2006
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Vaginal misoprostol induction of labour: a Nigerian hospital experience. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Apr;24(3):239-42.

Author(s) :

Ezechi OC, Kalu BK, Njokanma FO, Nwokoro CA, Okeke GC.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

We reviewed our experience with vaginal misoprostol induction of labour in 339 consecutive women with a live fetus and intact fetal membrane using 100 mcg 12-hourly until labour was established. The labours were monitored using the WHO partograph protocol. Two hundred and sixty-five women had a successful induction while 74 had an emergency caesarean section because of cephalopelvic disproportion (63.5%), fetal distress (14.9%), prolonged labour (12.2%), antepartum haemorrhage (6.8%) and other indications (2.8%). The induction delivery interval among the women who had successful induction ranged from 3 hours 42 minutes to 26 hours 15 minutes with a mean of 9 hours 23 minutes (SD 2 hours 41 minutes). Most (73.6%) of these patients delivered within 12 hours of starting induction, the majority (95.3%) requiring only 100 mcg to go into established labour. Complications recorded in this series include fetal distress in 32 (9.4%), postpartum haemorrhage in 23 (6.8%), hyperstimulation in six (1.8%), uterine rupture in one (0.3%), birth asphyxia in eight (2.5%), admission in neonatal intensive care ward in five (1.5%), neonatal death in one (0.3%) and maternal death in one (0.3%) patient. In conclusion, misoprostol was found not only to be efficacious but relatively safe in comparison to other methods of induction in use in our hospital.

Sumário (português)  :

Resumen (español)  :

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Argument (français) :

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Argumento (español):

Keywords :

➡ c-section/caesarean ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; induction of labor ; fetal distress ; stillbirth ; postpartum hemorrhage ; misoprostol (Cytotec) ; post-term pregnancy

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 28 Mar 2006

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