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Created on : 28 Mar 2006
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

[Comparative study of the effect of intravaginal misoprostol at 50 and 100 micrograms in cervical ripening and labor induction][article in spanish]. {Venezuela}. Invest Clin. 2005 Jun;46(2):179-86.

Author(s) :

Reyna-Villasmil E, Guerra-Velasquez M, Torres-Montilla M, Reyna-Villasmil N, Mejia-Montilla J, Labarca-Vincero N.

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Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

The objective of this work was to compare the efficacy of 50 and 100 microg of misoprostol administered intravaginally for cervical ripening and labor induction. Ninety-five patients were randomly assigned to receive 50 microg (n=48) or 100 microg (n=47) of misoprostol. The primary measures in this study were cesarean section rate, time from induction to delivery, need for oxytocin use, rate of uterine hyperstimulation and tachysystoles, proportion of fetal distress and neonatal Apgar score. The interval from first dose of prostaglandin to delivery was significantly shorter in the 100 ,g-group (p < 0.05). The use of oxytocin augmentation was significantly higher in the 50 microg-group (64.6% vs. 31.9%). There were 9 cases (18.8%) of tachysystole in the 50-microg group and 12 cases (25.5%) in the 100 microg-group (p NS). The cesarean section rate was double in the 100 microg-group and the difference was statically significant (p < 0.05). There was no report of uterine rupture. It can be concluded that 50 microg of misoprostol applied in the posterior vaginal fornix every 4 hours is an effective dosage for labor induction and has less adverse effects and complications than the 100 microg dose.

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Keywords :

➡ c-section/caesarean ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; induction of labor ; ripening of cervix ; fetal distress ; misoprostol (Cytotec) ; post-term pregnancy

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 28 Mar 2006
➡ latest update : Bernard Bel — 02 Dec 2007

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