Choose your font:
 Mukta Malar
 Open Sans Condensed
 Source Sans Pro


[Valid RSS] RSS

Database - (CIANE)

Description of this bibliographical database (CIANE website)
Currently 3109 records
YouTube channel (tutorial)

Created on : 08 Jan 2004
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

 Modify this record
Do not follow this link unless you know an editor’s password!

Share: Facebook logo   Tweeter logo   Hard

Bibliographical entry (without author) :

A twenty-year retrospective analysis of the efficacy of epidural analgesia-anesthesia when administered and/or managed by obstetricians. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Aug;169(2 Pt 1):270-7; discussion 277-8.

Author(s) :

Farabow WS, Roberson VO, Maxey J, Spray BJ.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively determine the safety and efficacy of epidural anesthesia when administered by obstetricians in a community hospital.

STUDY DESIGN: Data containing 14,598 epidural procedures from 31,818 births were obtained from delivery room logs over a period of 20 years, from 1972 through 1991. Data were displayed graphically to view trends over time. Odds ratios were calculated to determine the associations of epidural anesthesia with oxytocin stimulation, episiotomy, assisted vaginal delivery (forceps or vacuum extraction), and cesarean section. Particular scrutiny was given to any listed complication during labor or delivery.

RESULTS: Over the 20-year period epidural anesthesia was administered without serious complication by various obstetricians with different training. Technique improved as procedures became standardized, resulting in an increase in the number of epidural procedures over the 20-year period. Incidence was also increased among women requiring oxytocin augmentation, episiotomies, and assisted vaginal deliveries. Of the total number performed, < 5% of patients required additional anesthesia.

CONCLUSION: Over a 20-year period epidural analgesia or anesthesia has been an effective and safe procedure when performed and supervised by obstetricians-gynecologists in a community hospital.

Sumário (português)  :

Resumen (español)  :

Comments :

Voir la critique par Thorp dans Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Oct;171(4):1161.

Argument (français) :

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Argumento (español):

Keywords :

➡ c-section/caesarean ; duration of labour ; episiotomy ; instrumental delivery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; active management of labor ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; hormones

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 08 Jan 2004

Discussion (display only in English)
➡ Only identified users

 I have read the guidelines of discussions and I accept all terms (read guidelines)


New expert query --- New simple query

Creating new record --- Importing records

User management --- Dump database --- Contact


This database created by Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR) is managed
by Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE,
It is fed by the voluntary contributions of persons interested in the sharing of scientific data.
If you agree with this project, you can support us in several ways:
(1) contributing to this database if you have a minimum training in documentation
(2) or financially supporting CIANE (see below)
(3) or joining any society affiliated with CIANE.
Sign in or create an account to follow changes or become an editor.
Contact bibli(arobase) for more information.

Valid CSS! Valid HTML!
Donating to CIANE (click “Faire un don”) will help us to maintain and develop sites and public
databases towards the support of parents and caregivers’ informed decisions with respect to childbirth